Indian Festival Calendar 2022

Indian Festival calendar 2022 is huge as it offers you several mega festivals & joy where all the festivals are celebrated with enthusiasm.

Travel Letter

The Indian calendar is huge as it offers you several mega festivals that are celebrated in India. Needless to say, India is a country of joy where all of the festivals are celebrated with great enthusiasm and delight. 

The Indian calendar, also known as the Shaka calendar, is completely dependent on the lunisolar system which is completely different from the English calendar.

Like other calendar systems, the Indian calendar follows the same 12 months 365 days rule, but it differs from the English calendar as the names of the months are different from the English calendar. 

The maiden month of the Indian calendar is Chaitra whereas the last month is referred to as Phalguna. 

Indian Festival Calendar 2022

Origin of Indian Calendar

Indian Festival Calendar 2022

Indian national calendar is also known as the Shalivahana Shaka calendar primarily used for providing information about all the Hindu festivals performed by the native citizens.

In the 1950s, the Calendar Reform Committee performed a survey and found that some 30 distinct calendars were being used to determine Hindu, Buddhist, and Jain holidays.

Indian Festival Calendar 2022

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By doing proper research, they concluded that these calendars were purely based on principles set by ancient customs and astronomical practices. 

On the other hand, Indian Muslims used the Islamic calendar while the Indian government used the Gregorian calendar for official purposes. After the calendar reform of 1957 C.E., a defined and organized lunisolar calendar that matched Gregorian calendar leap years was established as the National Calendar of India.

Despite several attempts to make a unified platform, there are still local variations. However, the Government still uses the Gregorian calendar for administrative purposes while holidays are observed according to the regional, ethnic, and religious beliefs of the common Hindu people.

On an upfront, Indian astrologers use Panchang to fix the wedding date and offer an auspicious Muhurat when horoscope matching is completed.

Structure of an Indian Festival Calendar 2022

The Shaka calendar is completely based on the Luni-solar system and comprises 12 months and 365 days. The very first month of the Shaka calendar is Chaitra and the last month is Phalguna. 

The names of the month as per the Indian Solar Calendar is as follows:

Indian Solar Calendar 2022

  • Chaitra
  • Vaishaka
  • Jyestha
  • Ashadh
  • Shravan
  • Bhadrapad
  • Ashwin
  • Karthikeya
  • Agrahanaya
  • Pausha
  • Magha
  • Phalguna

The National Calendar is an improved version of the Hindu calendar still used by Indian Solar Calendars. The civil day and Saka era remain the fundamental units. Instead of the conventional Sidereal or Nirayana year, it is organized to match with the Tropical or Sayana year.

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It is found that the religious holidays are still based on a lunisolar calendar that acknowledges specific positions of the Moon and Sun.

While certain festivals and holidays fall on solar tithis, most do on the mentioned lunar tithi (date).

When making predictions in Vedic astrology or calculating Muhurat, festivals, and other events, the lunar calendar is seen as the key component.

Planet Sun also has its significance. The apparent location of the planet Sun in the cosmos is described by a solar calendar.

The Gregorian Calendar is one such illustration; it is accepted as the standard tool and is used on a global scale. According to astrology, a solar month is a period when the Sun’s longitude increases by 30 degrees, corresponding to its transit through each zodiac sign.

Types of Indian Calendar Affiliated in India

The Solar Calendar

As the name suggests, the solar calendar follows the movement of the Sun and is based on the motion of the Sun for 365 days. Indian solar calendars are popular among the citizens and hence used in the states like Bengal, Haryana, Punjab, Assam, Tripura, Kerala, Punjab, Orissa, Tamil Nadu etc.

The Lunar Calendars

Indian Lunar Calendar 2022, Indian Calendar 2022

Lunar calendars work on the motion of the Moon during the monthly phases. The Lunar calendars are different from the Solar calendars and their outcomes aren’t related to the motion of the Sun. 

One such example of a lunar-only calendar is the Islamic Hejira calendar. There are 12 months in all, with 2 months corresponding to the interval between each new moon. The length of a lunar month is roughly 29.5 days.

The Lunisolar Calendar

Indian Luni Solar Calendar 2022

The lunisolar calendar follows the yearly movement of the Sun and the monthly phases of the Moon.

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The Lunisolar Calendars are mainly used by Jews, and Babylonian. It is also used in some states of India like Andra Pardesh, Gujrat, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka, Kashmir, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan.

Table of Indian Solar Calendar

Sr. No Indian Religious Calendar Approx. Greg. Date
1 Chaitra Mar.14
2 Vaishakha Apr.13
3 Jyeshta May 14
4 Asadha June 14
5 Sravana July 16
6 Bhadrapada Aug.16
7 Ashwina Sept.16
8 Karthika Oct.17
9 Margashira Nov.16
10 Pausha Dec.15
11 Magha Jan.14
12 Phalguna Feb.12

January 2022 Festival List

January 2022 Festivals
1, Saturday New Year
13, Thursday Lohri
14, Friday Pongal, Uttarayan, Makar Sankrnati
23, Sunday Subhash Chandra Bose Jayanti
26, Wednesday Republic Day

 February 2022 Festival List

February 2022 Festivals
5, Saturday Basant Panchami, Saraswati Pooja

March 2022 Festival List

March 2022 Festivals
1, Tuesday  Maha Shiv Ratri
17, Thursday Holika Dahan
18, Friday Holi

April 2022 Festival List

April 2022 Festivals
1, Friday Bank’s Holiday
2, Saturday Chaitra Navratri, Ugadi, Gudi Padwa
3, Sunday Cheti Chand
10, Sunday Ram Navami
11, Monday Chaitra Navratri
14, Thursday Baisakhi, Ambedkar Jayanti
16, Saturday Hanuman Jayanti

May 2022 Festival List

May 2022 Festivals
3, Tuesday Akshaya Tritiya

July 2022 Festival List

July 2022 Festivals
1, Friday Jagannath Rath Yatra
10, Sunday Aashadhi Ekadashi
13, Wednesday Guru Poornima
31, Sunday Hariyali Teej

August 2022 Festival List

August 2022 Festivals
2, Tuesday Nagpanchami
11, Thursday Raksha Bandhan
14, Sunday Kajari Teej
15, Monday Independence Day
19, Friday Janmashtami
30, Tuesday Hartalika Teej
31, Wednesday Ganesh Chaturthi

September 2022 Festival List

September 2022 Festivals
8, Thursday Onam
9, Friday Anant Chaturdashi
26, Monday Sharad Navratri

October 2022 Festival List

October 2022 Festivals
2, Sunday Gandhi Jayanti
3, Monday Durga Puja Ashtami
4, Tuesday Durga Maha Navami pooja
5, Wednesday Dussehra
13, Thursday Karwa Chauth
23, Sunday Dhan teras
24, Monday Diwali, Narak Chaturdashi
26, Wednesday Bhai Dooj, Govardhan Pooja
30, Sunday Chhath Pooja

November 2022 Festival List

November 2022 Festivals
14, Monday Children’s Day

December 2022 Festival List

December 2022 Festivals
25, Sunday Christmas Celebrations/ Merry Christmas

Here are some resources to help you get your trip going:

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